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Helichrysum

Helichrysum


Dear Friends-
Many of you may be as surprised as I was to learn that Eucalyptus grows in Nepal but indeed it does in the eastern region which is warmer than other parts of the country.

Here are some links you might like to explore regarding this subject-
http://www.nepalnews.com.np/contents/englishdaily/trn/2003/jan/jan13/features1.htm
http://www.fsl.orst.edu/ tgerc/pubs/Mullins_1997_Pl_Cell_Rpts.pdf
times-age.co.nz/weekly/2001/nepal.html

Here is a bit of information about the beautiful tree Eucalyptus camaldulensis-River Red Gum
http://www.anbg.gov.au/projects/eucalypts/descriptions/euc-camaldulensis.html
http://www.anbg.gov.au/stamps/stamp.591.html
http://ag.arizona.edu/pima/gardening/aridplants/Eucalyptus_camaldulensis.html
http://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/duke_energy/Eucalyptus_camaldulensis.html
http://www.abc.net.au/walling/info/pages/mp4211.htm
http://www.ics.trieste.it/EssentialOils/EssentialOil.aspx?ID=33

As normal I have endeavored to do a bit of internet research on this oil. This is a much abbreviated version of what I normally do but it may prove helpful to those who appreciate this oil. Helichyrsum italicum: I have personally loved its full bodied, sunny, rich odor for many years.

Over the years into my hands has come Helichrysum italicum from Italy, France, Bosnia and Croatia. The former three have been from certified organic sources and the
later from wild harvested.

All of the certified organic oils have displayed a powerful, diffusive, pleasant and rich odor. The sweet, honey-like, spicy, warm notes that emerge in the top and middle notes later manifest a unique delicate fruity, tea-like bouquet of great tenacity in the dryout. It is from an olfactory standpoint a complex many layered oil that requires considerable skill if to be used in natural perfumery.

Arctander recommends it thus:
The oil finds augumenting application in perfumery where it blends well with boronia, chamomile, citrus oils, labdanum, lavender, mimosa, oakmoss, sage clary...
It gives interesting effects in ambre, chypre, lily , muguet, rose and other bases..

The wild harvested oil from Croatia has the above qualities but it a softer, quieter form.

Appearance
A sub-shrubby perennial with linear greyish, inrolled leaves which have a curry like fragrance when crushed. Densely globular
clusters of yellowy flowers appear from June to September.

Habitat
Found growing on rocky mountainsides, on igneous formations only between 1,000 ft and 5,600 ft. Likes sunny, warm locations with good drainage. It can withstand drought. Can be successfully cultivated for production of essential oils

Beautiful image
http://nafoku.de/flora/htm/heliital.htm
http://www.fotodisardegna.it/flora/e/elicriso.htm
http://www.lindbloms.se/Lindbloms/37000/37630.html
ww1.ttcn.ne.jp/~yagi-no-mise/ zady.htm
http://www.globalnet.it/erbe/def/elicriso.htm

The word Helichrysum is derived from the Greek "helios" meaning sun and "chrysos" meaning gold, referring to the color of many of the flowers of species in this genus.

Helichrysum is also known as. - Everlasting or immortelle.

Main constituents:
Hydrocarbons: a-pinene, camphene, b-pinene, myrcene, limonene, cis-ocimene, trans-ocimene (monoterpenes) -
Alcohols: linalool, terpinen-4-ol, nerol, geraniol -
Phenols: eugenol -
Ketones: 4,7-dimethyloct-6-en-3-one - italidones,
beta-diketones (diones) -
Esters neryl acetate (75%) -
Oxides 1,8-cineole

Helichrysum
Helichrysum italicum (H. angustifolium) (Compositae) Italian everlasting, Immortelle
The genus Helichrysum includes around 500 species from Europe, Asia, Africa and Australia.
Helichrysum oil is produced on a limited scale by steam distillation or solvent extraction of the flowering tops of Italian everlasting, H. italicum, and closely related species. It has a rich, honeyed, herbaceous, sweet hay aroma and has been used for special effects in perfumery.
The major ingredient of typical Helichrysum oil is neryl acetate (up to 40 %). Moreover, a number of unusual beta-diketones are present in significant amounts, e.g. 4,6,9-trimethyldec-8-en-3,5-dione [47] [48].
Etymology: The composite flowers of Helichrysums are surrounded by desiccated, coloured, membranous sepals, remaining unchanged when the plant is dried - whence the name 'everlasting'.
Gr. helikhrysos, from Gr. helios, sun, and Gr. khrysos, gold, referring to the bright yellow colour of the flowers.
http://www.bojensen.net/EssentialOilsEng/EssentialOils13/EssentialOils13.htm

Latin name: Helichrysum italicum (Roth) Don

Popular name: CURRY PLANT

Curiosity: Gold of the sun, from the Greek “helios” (sun) and “chrysos” (gold): take a look at the particular hue of the bright metallic yellow of the humble flower of the Curry Plant and you will realise that Vaillant in the 1700s could not have found a more apt name for it.
Our species is named italicum because it is typical of the dry and stony Italian landscapes which represent a transitional phase of ancient times when the forests gave way to the steppe.
As with all plants which capture the imagination, many common names have evolved: Eternal flower, Shrubby everlasting, Immortelle, Goldilocks.
Its strong curry aroma, acrid but very pleasant, perfumes the air during the hottest hours of the day; after returning home that same scent evokes memories of the grey and ochre countryside, scattered with rocks.
http://www.parcobotanico.it/ita/scheda.php?scheda=133


The amount of essential oil procured from the plants is tiny, hence it rates as one of the more expensive essential oils. Prices can fluctuate a lot depending on climatic fluctuations in the countries of origin-France, Yugoslavia, Italy, Bosnia, Croatia, Corsica, etc. This year I will try to keep in stock the Italian Helichrysum. I am also probing the possibility of carrying the Helichrysum italicum from Bosnia if I can find a way to work the financial part of it out.

Kindest regards-
Christopher